Longmen Grottoes

                         Longmen Grottoes-Luoyang

           

Longmen Grottoes lie 12 kilometers to the south of the Luoyang City, Henan Province. they are one of the three most famous treasure houses of Chinese grotto art. Here two mountains, namely, East Hill (Mt. Xiangshan) and West Hill (Mt. Longmen), confront each other with the Yi River traversing northward between them, just like a pair of Chinese gate towers. So during the Zhou and Qin dynasties, it was called Yi Que (Gate of Yi River). Later, when the Sui established its capital city in Luoyang, the palace gate was just facing Yi Que, hence the name Longmen which means Dragon Gate. Spanning a length of over 1,000 meters on the hillsides along the Yi River, the Longmen Grottoes were first sculptured and chiseled around 493 when the capital of the Northern Wei Dynasty (386-534) was moved from Datong to Luoyang.

Longmen Grottoes was promulgated a key national cultural relic unit for special protection by the State Council in 1961. In 1982, it was promulgated one of the first group of scenic zonesit was promulgated one of the first group of scenic zones to be protected at the state level by the State Council. In November 2000, Longmen Grottoes was inscribed on World Heritage List by it was promulgated one of the first group of scenic zonesit was promulgated one of the first group of scenic zonesit was promulgated one of the first group of scenic zonesUNESCO. 

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